Critical metals and minerals in Fennoscandia

The European Commission has taken measures to improve the long-term availability of raw materials through implementation of the Raw Material Initiative in 2008. The first list of critical raw materials for the EU was published in 2011, and it has been updated in 2014 and 2017.
In the latest update, the Commission has listed 25 economically important mineral raw materials and metal groups as “critical raw materials” which are subject to a higher risk of supply interruption.

Critical mineral raw materials as specified by the EU in 2017 are:

The FODD working group has gathered information on these critical metals and minerals listed above and also on additional 5 commodities that the working group considers as important:

Click commodity name to open a commodity fact sheet containing information on uses of a commodity, global and fennoscandian resources and production, deposit types etc.

*     HREEs: dysprosium, erbium, europium, gadolinium, holmium, lutetium, terbium, thulium, ytterbium, yttrium
**    LREEs: cerium, lanthanum, neodymium, praseodymium, samarium
***  The Platinum Group Metals (PGMs) include platinum, palladium, iridium, rhodium, ruthenium and osmium