Geology is one of the most comprehensive natural sciences. In Finland, geology is taught in the universities in Helsinki, Turku and Oulu, as well as at Åbo Akademi in Turku.
As a field of research, geology has a long history in Finland. The Geological Survey of Finland continues the work started by the Geological Office established under the Board of Mines in 1877. The predecessor of the Board of Mines was its Swedish counterpart established in 1630.